Saturday, June 27, 2020

Python 3.8.3 : PyCryptodome python package - part 001.

In the last tutorial, I wrote on Sunday, June 16, 2019, you can see a simple example of this python package with KDF with PBKDF2 function.
I guess it should be interesting for visitors to this blog to read more about this package because it is very useful and interesting.
Today I come up with another tutorial covering how to use A.E.S. standard encryption and decrypting text in a binary file.
The A.E.S. is a standard?
The Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) announcing the A.E.S. on November 26, 2001, on the Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197.
A.E.S. known as Advanced Encryption Standard is a symmetric block cipher standardized by NIST.
The N.I.S.T is an abbreviation National Institute of Standards and Technology.
This python package named PyCryptodome is a self-contained Python package of low-level cryptographic primitives, see the webpage.
First, you need to see if this python package is not on conflict with another one named PyCrypto.
Then use pip3 tool to install.
pip3 uninstall PyCrypto
WARNING: Skipping PyCrypto as it is not installed.
pip3 install pycryptodome
Collecting pycryptodome
Installing collected packages: pycryptodome
Successfully installed pycryptodome-3.9.8
Here is the source code commented for a better understanding of the encryption and decryption steps.
from Crypto.Cipher import AES
from Crypto.Random import get_random_bytes

# the data input needs to be encoded, else you will receive this error
# python TypeError: Object type  cannot be passed to C code

data = "Hello World! by catafest!".encode("utf8")
# first step - prepare for encrypt
key = get_random_bytes(16)
print("print key is: ", key)
cipher =, AES.MODE_EAX)
print("print cipher is: ", cipher)
ciphertext, tag = cipher.encrypt_and_digest(data)
print("print ciphertext is: ", ciphertext)

# open the binary file 
file_out = open("AES_encrypted.bin", "wb")
# write to binary file 
[ file_out.write(x) for x in (cipher.nonce, tag, ciphertext) ]

# the file is close 

# next step - prepare for decrypt
new_cipher =, AES.MODE_EAX, cipher.nonce)

# open again the binary file 
file_in = open("AES_encrypted.bin", "rb")
# read all data from file
nonce, tag, ciphertext = [ for x in (16, 16, -1) ]
# the file is close 

# show data from file
print("print nonce is: ", nonce)
print("print tag is: ", tag)
print("print ciphertext is: ", ciphertext)

# create a new cipher
cipher =, AES.MODE_EAX, nonce)

# use this to decrypt
data = cipher.decrypt_and_verify(ciphertext, tag)
# show the result 
The result of running the python script is this:
python.exe .\
print key is:  b'\xbdEX\xf8\x1d!\xc5\xceI\x87\x81\xf1\xd5\xba\x8c\r'
print cipher is:  <Crypto.Cipher._mode_eax.EaxMode object at 0x000001D5F32DE100>
print cipher is:  <Crypto.Cipher._mode_eax.EaxMode object at 0x000001E062AFE100>
print ciphertext is:  b'ON\x1d\xb9\xb7\xa8\xf5\xd6\x0c\x91\xc5`B\xf4\x95u\xe1D\xb5\x88&I\x15\xc5\xc5'
print nonce is:  b'3\xa6R8\xbb\n \x9cimp$\xe4\xee\xf5-'
print tag is:  b'\xb8)\xe4\xe7\x08uE~\x84s]\xedX\xf5\xf9\xea'
print ciphertext is:  b'ON\x1d\xb9\xb7\xa8\xf5\xd6\x0c\x91\xc5`B\xf4\x95u\xe1D\xb5\x88&I\x15\xc5\xc5'
b'Hello World! by catafest!'
You can read about this process on this website.


MS Dynamics said...

Very good explanation. Thank you for sharing.
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Rajani said...

Really nice post. Thank you for sharing amazing information.
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