Monday, December 12, 2016

Use the tweepy to deal with twitter api - part 001.

I will show you how to install the python module named tweepy  and how to make authentication into twitter webpage.
This will install the tweepy python module.
C:\>cd Python27
C:\Python27>cd Scripts
C:\Python27\Scripts>pip install tweepy
Collecting tweepy
Downloading tweepy-3.5.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting requests>=2.4.3 (from tweepy)
Downloading requests-2.12.3-py2.py3-none-any.whl (575kB)
100% |################################| 583kB 556kB/s
Collecting requests-oauthlib>=0.4.1 (from tweepy)
Downloading requests_oauthlib-0.7.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Requirement already satisfied: six>=1.7.3 in c:\python27\lib\site-packages (from
tweepy)
Collecting oauthlib>=0.6.2 (from requests-oauthlib>=0.4.1->tweepy)
Downloading oauthlib-2.0.1.tar.gz (122kB)
100% |################################| 133kB 506kB/s
Installing collected packages: requests, oauthlib, requests-oauthlib, tweepy
Running setup.py install for oauthlib ... done
Successfully installed oauthlib-2.0.1 requests-2.12.3 requests-oauthlib-0.7.0 tweepy-3.5.0

To deal with twitter api then you need to create a new application into this webpage.
This webpage will give for authentication your date to connect to twitter:
Application Settings
consumer_key=""
consumer_secret=""

Your Access Token
access_token=""
access_token_secret=""

Let's start with a simple example, by using your application settings and access token:
import tweepy
from tweepy.streaming import StreamListener
from tweepy import OAuthHandler
from tweepy import Stream

consumer_key=""
consumer_secret=""

access_token=""
access_token_secret=""

auth = tweepy.OAuthHandler(consumer_key, consumer_secret)
auth.set_access_token(access_token, access_token_secret)

api = tweepy.API(auth)

print(api.me().name)

class StdOutListener(StreamListener):
""" A listener handles tweets that are received from the stream.
This is a basic listener that just prints received tweets to stdout.
"""
def on_data(self, data):
print(data)
return True

def on_error(self, status):
print(status)

if __name__ == '__main__':
lista = StdOutListener()
auth = OAuthHandler(consumer_key, consumer_secret)
auth.set_access_token(access_token, access_token_secret)

stream = Stream(auth, lista)
stream.filter(track=['internet'])

Using python shell to run this script will show all about 'internet'.
The output will come into raw format.
Let's try another example to update your status with this message:
I using OAuth authentication via Tweepy!
Just add this into my code before class definition:
api.update_status(status='I using OAuth authentication via Tweepy!')
You can rad more about streaming by reading this docs.
For example, I used track from here.