Saturday, August 10, 2013

Fix python error: SyntaxError: Non-ASCII character.

This can be fix easy ... just add the below line at top of the python file:
# coding: utf-8
You will see now something like this error:
SyntaxError: invalid syntax
... but also will be point to the bad encoding character with : ^
For example I had this:
usertest@home:~$ python sunet.py 
  File "sunet.py", line 22
    def  __init__ ( self , a , b , c ) :
                                 ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax

How to deal with environment variables using python script.

Any OS like Linux, Unix, Windows has environment variables.

Also any variables which must not be committed on a public code can be used in this way.

You can give this variables to your application.

Let's see one simple example about how to do that:

import os
ENV_VAR = os.environ.get("ENV_VAR", None)
if not ENV_VAR:
        print "not ENV_VAR"
if ENV_VAR:
        print "yes ! is ENV_VAR"

Now you can give this ENV_VAR to the script or not. See next...

usertest@home:~$ ENV_VAR=true python demo-env.py 
yes ! is ENV_VAR
usertest@home:~$ python demo-env.py 
not ENV_VAR

With Python 3 on Unix, environment variables are decoded using the file system encoding.